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Fertility and age

Women’s fertility is limited by time. Fertility changes over the course of women’s reproductive lives, decreasing as they get older. A woman’s ability to get pregnant starts to decline many years before she reaches menopause. It’s important for women to be aware of this timeline. “Fertility peaks in women in […]

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Heavy periods

Menstrual flow can vary a lot from one woman to another, and can also change over time during a woman’s reproductive years. Light periods aren’t usually a concern unless they are in combination with absent or infrequent periods. Heavy periods, however, can be an issue. Frequent pad changes, large clots […]

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HPV, Pap tests and vaccination: what’s the difference?

About 70 to 80 per cent of the population gets a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection at some point in their life. Most of the time, a person’s body reacts to the virus and fights it off without even showing symptoms. However in some cases, HPV can develop into cervical cancer. […]

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LGBTQ women need Paps too

Cervical cancer screening saves lives. In the decades since the widespread adoption of the Pap test as a regular screening tool, deaths from cervical cancer have dropped dramatically. Cancer Care Ontario guidelines recommend a Pap test every three years for women between the ages of 21 and 70 who have […]

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Managing incontinence

Incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder. “Urinary incontinence is a very common symptom that affects both men and women,” says Frances Stewart, advanced practice nurse and nurse continence advisor at Women’s College Hospital. “Despite being very common, it often goes unreported,” Stewart says. “People with incontinence […]

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Missed or infrequent periods

Your period can be considered a vital sign. It’s a sign that your body is in a healthy enough state to support a pregnancy. Cycle length and flow vary widely from one woman to another, so there is a range of healthy menstrual patterns. A regular menstrual cycle is usually […]

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Painful periods: causes and care

Painful periods and menstrual cramps are called dysmenorrhea. They are common problems, but affect some women more seriously than others. “Some women don’t have much trouble at all with their periods, while others have so much pain they need to miss work or school,” says Dr. Yolanda Kirkham, a gynecologist […]

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Pap test guidelines for cervical cancer screening

A Pap test is a screening test for cervical cancer. It can detect early, precancerous changes to the cells of the cervix. These precancerous changes are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is spread through sexual contact. Regular Pap screening is a crucial defence against cervical cancer. Cancer Care […]

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Sexually transmitted infections and safer sex

There are many infections that can be passed from one person to another during sex. These are called sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Although sex is never risk-free, it can be safer. Safer sex means using a condom and taking care to protect yourself and your partners from infection. Honest communication […]

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Treating hot flashes and night sweats in perimenopause

Perimenopause is the transitional time leading up to menopause, which occurs on average at 51.5 years of age. During this time, fluctuations in hormones can cause symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, difficulty concentrating, irritability and memory changes. “Some women may have no symptoms,” says Dr. Yolanda Kirkham, a […]

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