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Calcium and vitamin D: how much do you need?

One component of bone strength is measured as bone mineral density, or BMD: the amount of mineral content in an area of bone. The key mineral being measured is calcium, your skeleton’s major building block. That’s why getting enough calcium is so important to bone health. The other nutrient that’s […]

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Bone health: be aware of osteoporosis risk factors

Osteoporosis is a condition in which loss of bone density and deterioration in bone quality causes bones to become weaker and more fragile. This decrease in bone strength increases the risk of bone fractures. It is a very common condition in older adults, especially women. Osteoporosis Canada’s statistics show that […]

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Why diabetes is a greater heart health risk for women than men

Diabetes is a major risk factor for heart disease in both men and women. However, it has a greater impact on women’s heart health than men’s. “Diabetes appears to be a stronger risk factor for cardiovascular events in women than in men,” says endocrinologist Dr. Lorraine Lipscombe, director of the […]

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Hypertension for her: high blood pressure affects women differently than men

High blood pressure – or hypertension – is common in both men and women, especially as we age. However, it tends to follow different patterns over the course of men’s and women’s lifetimes. “In general, blood pressure in children and adolescents is equivalent between males and females,” says cardiologist Dr. […]

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Fall prevention: home hazards

Fall prevention averts more than just falls. It also prevents the injuries, chronic pain, disability, loss of mobility, and even deaths that falls cause. Because many falls – especially in older adults – still occur at home, that’s a good place to start. Bathrooms have some obvious fall hazards because […]

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Building better balance

Balance is what makes it possible to stand, walk and move without falling. It’s essential for mobility and for fall prevention, and is a key element of fitness. “Balance depends on the complex interplay of vision, the vestibular system – that’s your inner ear – and the joints, muscles and […]

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Breast cancer surgery: the importance of lymph node dissection

Breast cancer surgery involves more than just removing tumours. Surgeons also need to take a closer look at how cancer cells are behaving in the body. “When we explain breast cancer surgery to our patients, we explain that it’s actually two parts,” says Helen Mark, a registered nurse with the […]

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What’s the difference between a heart attack, heart failure, and stroke?

Heart attack, heart failure and stroke are different conditions that affect people in different ways. Dr. Paula Harvey, director of the cardiovascular research program at Women’s College Hospital, explains the difference. Heart attack A heart attack happens when the heart is not getting enough oxygenated blood, usually because one of […]

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Can BMI affect fertility?

Having a body mass index (BMI) that is higher or lower than normal can affect many aspects of health, including reproductive health. Being underweight, as well as being overweight or obese, can affect fertility. Obesity in particular has been linked to increased risk of difficulty getting pregnant. Endocrinologist Dr. Sheila […]

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Taking fall prevention outside

Falls aren’t just a major cause of injury. They can also result in chronic pain, reduced mobility, disability and even death. In fact, one-third of all hospital admissions for injuries are fall-related. The Public Health Agency of Canada reports that falls result in $2 billion per year in direct healthcare […]

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